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pill-bottles
18 Sep
0

Big Pharma Hides Antidepressant Trial Suicides

pill-bottlesWhether teen suicide and anti-depressant drugs are related has been presented as a “controversial subject” by the psychiatric industry. But earlier this year the Telegraph of London squashed psychiatry’s apparent uncertainty.

“Antidepressants can raise the risk of suicide, the biggest ever review has found, as pharmaceutical companies were accused of failing to report side-effects and even deaths linked to the drugs.

“An analysis of 70 trials of the most common antidepressants – involving more than 18,000 people – found they doubled the risk of suicide and aggressive behaviour in under 18s.” 1

Shining the Light on Truth

Nordic Cochrane Center researcher Professor Peter Gotzsche who conducted this study was sickened by the results. He states, “It is absolutely horrendous that they have such disregard for human lives.” 2

In a BMJ (British Medical Journal) report, Professor Gotzsche unfailingly takes on the psychiatric profession. When the Cochrane editors accused Professor Gotzsche of “being extreme”, he retorted:

“Usually, people who are extreme are few in number but in this case, it is the vast majority of psychiatrists that are extreme. It is truly extreme that psychiatrists have built their specialty on a number of myths, lies and highly flawed research, which have harmed our nations to the extent we have seen. Marcia Angell [previously editor-in-chief of the New England Journal of Medicine] has noted that psychiatrists should consider that other medical specialists, unlike psychiatrists, would be very reluctant to offer long-term symptomatic treatment without knowing what lies behind the symptoms, e.g. if a patient suffers from nausea or headache” 3

It is noteworthy that Professor Gotzsche’s study findings were analyzed and then endorsed by the University College London in a British Medical Journal editorial.

A Web of Lies

Big Pharma and Psychiatry were caught in a web of lies, as evidenced by the study.

For instance, 4 deaths had been untruthfully reported by a pharmaceutical company as having occurred after drug trials had ended. In another case, a patient on the antidepressant venlafaxine (brand name: Effexor) strangled himself while on the drug trial. Because he didn’t actually die for 5 more days, it was claimed he was no longer on the trial.

Drug giant Eli Lilly falsely recorded that half of the suicide attempts and suicidal ideations were merely “emotional instability or worsening of depression.”

Meanwhile, the death toll continued to rise.

In January 2016 when the Telegraph article was published, the author reported 35 inquests of deaths linked to antidepressants just that month. Staggeringly, the year before 450 inquests of this kind had been initiated. 4

A National Center for Health Research publication states that “studies showed that children and adolescents taking antidepressants were almost twice as likely to have suicidal thoughts or to attempt suicide, compared to patients taking a sugar pill.”

Antidepressant risk for children was so apparent, that in the fall of 2004 the FDA issued a warning that these drugs could lead to increased suicidal thought and behavior. 5

Psychiatrists, with their Russian roulette-like diagnostic procedures have exposed themselves as sham artists. While we can brush off with good humor the snake oil salesmen of 120 years ago, today’s version (the modern psychiatrist) offers little to laugh about. 6

 

1http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/03/14/antidepressants-can-raise-the-risk-of-suicide-biggest-ever-revie/

2ibid

3http://www.bmj.com/content/350/bmj.h2435/rr-4

4http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/03/14/antidepressants-can-raise-the-risk-of-suicide-biggest-ever-revie/

5http://center4research.org/child-teen-health/suicide/do-anti-depressants-increase-suicide-attem

6http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/SnakeOilSalesman

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Kids Playing Soccer
18 Sep
0

New Study: Exercise Can Cure Depression & ADHD In Children

Kids Playing SoccerDr. Gregory Ramey is a pediatric psychologist and the executive director for the Center for Pediatric Mental Health Resources at The Children’s Medical Center of Dayton, Ohio.

Dr. Ramey is a member of the American Psychological Association and the Ohio Psychological Association and recently reported in his weekly parenting column in the Dayton Daily News that there is a new magic pill proven to dramatically improve the mental and physical health status of children.

One of course expects the article to reveal the latest antidepressant or ADHD drug, but Dr. Ramey surprises the reader – his magic pill is exercise! [1]

He cites confirmed scientific studies by The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the leading national public health institute of the United States. (The CDC is a federal agency under the Department of Health and Human Services and is headquartered northeast of Atlanta, GA)

Exercise and Physical Health in Kids

The CDC found that when children did daily exercise, physical improvements were noted in the kids’ cardiac system, bone and muscle strength, and resistance to disease. Additionally those with chronic illnesses such as diabetes experienced substantial improvements in their health and this “pill” virtually eliminated childhood obesity.

The CDC states these facts about physical activity:

  • Helps build and maintain healthy bones and muscles.
  • Helps reduce the risk of developing obesity and chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and colon cancer.
  • Reduces feelings of depression and anxiety and promotes psychological well-being.
  • May help improve students’ academic performance, including
    • Academic achievement and grades
    • Academic behavior, such as time on task
    • Factors that influence academic achievement, such as concentration and attentiveness in the classroom. [2]

What type of exercise needs to be done and for what time period daily in order for children to obtain these results? The CDC says:

“The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services recommends that young people aged 6–17 years participate in at least 60 minutes of physical activity daily.” [3]

The CDC also explains the types of exercise needed.

Aerobic activity should make up most of your child’s 60 or more minutes of physical activity each day. This can include either moderate-intensity aerobic activity, such as brisk walking, or vigorous-intensity activity, such as running. Be sure to include vigorous-intensity aerobic activity on at least 3 days per week.

“Include muscle strengthening activities, such as gymnastics or push-ups, at least 3 days per week as part of your child’s 60 or more minutes.

“Include bone strengthening activities, such as jumping rope or running, at least 3 days per week as part of your child’s 60 or more minutes.” [4]

Exercise and Mental Health in Kids

Dr. Ramey pointed out, “Researchers were amazed at the effects on children’s mental health, with a significant impact on reducing anxiety and depression and improving kids’ self-concepts. For children with so-called attention deficit problems, this medication resulted in improvements in academic performance, memory, concentration and attentiveness.” [5]

Isn’t that the goal of antidepressant and ADHD drugs?

Well, now it can be achieved with very minimal cost and the side effects of exercising are virtually non-existent.

Dr. Ramey offers four key actions that parents should do to successfully develop good exercise habits in their children:

  • Power down. They establish and enforce limits on their children’s use of electronic devices. They understand that most kids don’t have the self-control to resist the seductive power of video games and social media.
  • Role models. It’s easier for kids to learn habits from parents who live them, not just talk about them.
  • Individualize. There isn’t one best exercise for everyone. Figure out what works for you, and appreciate and support your children’s interests.
  • Family traditions. Exercise doesn’t have to be running every day or playing strenuous sports. Hikes at a park or walking in a city can be fun and beneficial. [6]

More Professional Studies Validating Exercise over Drugs

There are additional studies that support what Dr. Ramey and the CDC are saying about the value of exercise in supporting normal mental health in children without the use of drugs.

Dr. Karen Dineen Wagner is the Marie B. Gale Centennial Professor and Vice Chair in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and Director of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. She is the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry columnist for Psychiatric Times.

In the January 28, 2015 issue she examined several studies on child adolescent psychiatry and concluded, “There is increasing evidence for mental health benefits of exercise in children.” [7]

The various studies explored the effects of physical activity on fitness, brain function and cognitive function, whether children with ADHD would show improved attention with exercise, and the relationship between depression and exercise in children and adolescents. All three studies showed positive improvements with simple exercise.

Dr. Wagner concludes,

“Overall, studies provide support for the benefits of physical exercise in children and adolescents on executive function (control of attention, memory, reasoning, problem solving and planning), brain activity, and depressive symptoms. According to Healthy People 2020, the target for physical activity in adolescents is 60 or more minutes of daily aerobic activity.5 It is unlikely that the majority of youths achieve this target. The importance of physical activity should be promoted in the school setting as well as in after school activities. Parents should also encourage their children to be involved in physical activities.” [8]

Another two year study was conducted with 4,594 seventh and eighth grade boys and girls. Scientists found that when the exercise levels went up, depression symptoms went down, but when the amount of exercise was reduced depression scores went up rapidly among the inactive kids.

The research team noted that exercise for depressive moods is very important for children and antidepressant medication is still of questionable safety. The team felt that “regular exercise might well prove to be a safe, drug-free and effective option for kids fighting feelings of depression.” [9]

How Does Florida Rank in Exercise for School Kids?

Unfortunately, it’s not the best.

The CDC report for 2013 showed these statistics for high school students:

Physically active at least 60 minutes/day        Girls 17.7%  Boys 36.6%

Attended physical education classes daily      Girls 24.0%  Boys 34.9% [10]

State law requires elementary school children to have at least 150 minutes of exercise a week. [11]

That’s 50% less than the CDC recommended exercise to achieve beneficial results in physical and mental health.

Middle school children must take a semester of gym every year.

However, the Florida Legislature also added an opt-out clause beginning in 2009-10 and immediately tens of thousands of kids, kindergarten through eighth grade, have opted out of exercise with a note from one of their parents.

In some Florida schools 80% of the kids are skipping gym. [12]

Psychiatrists in Florida are constantly claiming more and more kids need their help for depression and ADHD. The psychiatric profession and its minions lobby the legislature year after year, begging for more funding for mental health treatment which boils down to antidepressants, antipsychotics and various ADHD drugs.

Instead of considering such increases in funding for the failed psychiatric solution, the Florida legislature could now apply proven science by increasing funding for exercise programs and facilities in our state and eliminate the costly and dangerous drug solution offered by psychiatry.

 

[1] http://www.mydaytondailynews.com/news/lifestyles/parenting/what-you-need-to-know-about-the-magic-pill/nr6dy/

[2] http://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/physicalactivity/facts.htm

[3] Ibid

[4] http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/children/

[5] http://www.mydaytondailynews.com/news/lifestyles/parenting/what-you-need-to-know-about-the-magic-pill/nr6dy/

[6] Ibid

[7] http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/child-adolescent-psychiatry/mental-health-benefits-exercise-children

[8] Ibid

[9] https://www.pritikin.com/your-health/healthy-living/getting-fit/1066-depression-a-exercise-an-active-child-may-be-a-happier-child.html

[10] http://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/physicalactivity/facts.htm

[11] http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/2010-01-31/news/os-skip-gym-class-20100131_1_gym-class-windy-hill-middle-chorus-classes

[12] Ibid

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crazy doctor
02 Sep
1

Psychiatrists Complain They Get No Respect – Stats Prove It!

crazy doctorEchoing 1970s comedian Rodney Dangerfield’s iconic one-liner, psychiatrists are complaining that they “get no respect”. 1

Why would this be? Really, it’s no mystery.

By their own admission psychiatry attracts medical students with lower board scores and fewer academic honors than their professional peers. And in a 2012 Gallup poll, 70 percent of Americans that were surveyed rated medical doctors as “high” to “very high” in standards of honesty and ethics. Comparatively, psychiatrists got a measly 41 percent rating in the area of ethics.

Equally flabbergasting to this profession is the general perception that psychiatry is nothing but a pseudoscience. In fact, in a study presented to the Royal College of Psychiatry in Great Britain it was discovered that over half of all patients were unaware that psychiatrists have a degree in medicine. And 47% of these respondents also asserted they would “feel uncomfortable sitting next to a psychiatrist at a party.” 2

What is wrong with this picture? Actually, nothing.

The fact that psychiatrists are highly critical of their own professional ability broadcasts a terrific lack of self-worth. Why would their potential patients feel otherwise?

Fourth year medical student, and soon-to-become psychiatrist, Nathaniel P. Morris writes in Scientific American , “In hospitals across the nation, psychiatrists often distance themselves from their medical training, refusing to perform physical exams on patients and consulting other specialists for basic medical questions. Don’t we also complete medical school and residency? Psychiatrists must be able to maintain their clinical skills and to recognize the varied medical causes of psychiatric symptoms…”

Mr. Morris continues, “Then there’s the matter of medications. Many label psychiatrists as ‘pill pushers’, and higher insurance reimbursements for drugs over talk therapy have indeed driven increased prescription practices. Yet psychiatrists also bear some of the blame for this reputation. Too often, we turn to the prescription pad when we should be taking the time to sit down and to figure out the root causes of a patient’s symptoms. It’s far easier to change a dose or add another pill than to do the hard work necessary to treat mental illness. These shortcuts are convenient, but detrimental to both the profession’s reputation and patient care.”

And yet, Mr. Morris seems perplexed by the lack of public confidence placed in his chosen profession. In fact, he professes that this is a time when “when we need psychiatrists most.” He mentions that the ranks of practicing physicians increased by 14.2 percent between 2003 and 2013, yet the number of practicing psychiatrists actually decreased by 0.2 percent.

Who Pays for Psychiatric Care,  Anyway?

With so much criticism of psychiatry both inside the profession itself and external to it, how will it manage to stay afloat as a profession? No worries! The enterprising Mr. Morris has come up with a solution.

“There are many ways to fix this problem. Congress could approve federal funding for additional slots in psychiatry residencies. Reimbursement incentives might attract clinicians to the field. The White House recently promised $500 million to increase access to mental-health care. Let’s hope that includes recruiting more providers.” 3

But taxpayers, whose hard-earned money is already used to prop up this failing profession, may not be  as enthusiastic as Mr. Morris. Not that this has deterred both recent and current administrations hell- bent on self-destruction from continuing to administer intravenous feedings of government money to psychiatry.

Like the undead in a grade B horror flick, psychiatry stumbles through the population inflicting destruction without prejudice. The elderly, veterans, teenagers, grade school kids and even babies in their mother’s wombs are defenseless against its ravages.4

Thus constant alertness is required to protect oneself and one’s loved ones from psychiatrists and their barbaric solutions to mental distress. If psychiatric students paid closer attention to their medical training, perhaps they’d understand why their treatments are harmful and often deadly.

 

1    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DODvxqkUlac

2    http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/mind-guest-blog/can-psychiatry-turn-itself-around/

3    ibid

4    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10937460

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Raining Drugs
02 Sep
0

The Link Between Teen Suicide and Psychiatric Drugs

Raining DrugsSuicide is the leading cause of death for children age 15 to 24, and studies cite 90% of these teens had some type of “mental health disorder,” with the majority having been diagnosed with bipolar disorder.1

The above facts were discovered in an online publication by The American Academy of Pediatrics.

One can rightly assume that a diagnosis of  “mental health disorder” was most likely made by a psychiatrist. And since most psychiatric treatment today involves psychoactive drugs, the possible connection between increased suicide in teenagers and drug prescription by a psychiatrist must be intensely scrutinized.

What of the claim the American Academy of Pediatrics article makes that  “A mood disorder is an illness of the brain,” thus justifying the use of psychoactive “medicines”?

According to WebMd, brain diseases consist of such things as infections, tumors, trauma, abscesses, seizures, stroke and other physically caused disorders.2

In other words, bipolar disorder is not an “illness of the brain” and the pediatricians supporting the American Academy of Pediatrics article should know better.

Stating that “brain illnesses” lead to mental problems has led to a terrifying increase in the prescribing of psychoactive drugs to all children, even infants.

The recommended bipolar drug regime is often a veritable cocktail, and can include antipsychotics, antidepressants and antianxiety drugs.3

Dr. Peter Breggin, long-time whistle blower for his psychiatric profession, has this to say about the drugging of children with supposed “bipolar disorder.”

“It will be very difficult, if not impossible, for any child to outgrow his early behavior problems, and become a normal adult, while being pharmacologically overwhelmed with toxic agents for most of his childhood. The growing brain is literally being bathed in substances like antidepressants, stimulants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotic drugs that cause severe, and potential permanent biochemical imbalances. All of these drugs have been shown to distort the shape of brain cells (neurons) and in some cases to destroy the cells. Some of the drugs, including Risperdal, Zyprexa, Geodon and other so-called ‘anti-psychotics’ expose the child to permanent and potentially devastating drug induced neurological injury called tardive dyskinesia. They also cause potentially fatal diabetes and pancreatitis, as well as morbid obesity.”4

Dr. Breggin states in no uncertain terms that the drugging of these children has been wildly successful – not for the children, but for the drug companies and the psychiatrists who earn their living by this sanctioned child abuse. There has been a forty-fold increase of a bi-polar disorder diagnosis in kids in less than 10 years, from 1994 to 2003.

Dr. Breggin’s disgust with this practice is manifested in these words “…children were being given the most toxic psychiatric drugs, the so-called antipsychotic drugs, than a similar group of adults labeled bipolar. Psychiatry is bombarding children more heavily than adults with similar diagnoses, even though the drugs are not approved for these purposes in children.”

Since “bipolar” teens are given a cocktail of drugs, the advantage to the pharmaceutical companies increases. After all, daily prescription of a number of drugs only increases their bottom line.

It is common knowledge that many psychiatric drugs actually induce suicidal thoughts or attempts. The black box warning on many of their prescribed medications attest to this.

Anti-epileptic drugs such as divalproex (Depakote), lamotrigine (Lamictal), and carbamazepine (Teg­retol) are often prescribed for bipolar patients. According to The Psychiatric Times, “The FDA is forcing manufacturers of all antiepileptic drugs to include new warnings of possible suicide ideation.” 5

Children are not laboratory rats. Psychiatrists continually experiment on our children with toxic drugs not even the psychiatrists themselves understand.

Since pharmaceutical companies and psychiatrists are unable or unwilling to police themselves regarding their damaging “treatments” perhaps they will yield to increasing number of lawsuits as the victims of their avarice reach adulthood.

Meanwhile, parents can research the knowledge offered by psychiatrists such as Peter Breggin. Here one discovers unbiased data on the real effects of psychiatric drugs. 6  No mother or father should have to suffer the loss and guilt accompanying a tragic teen suicide due to these dangerous pharmaceuticals.

 

 

1    https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/emotional-problems/Pages/Teen-Suicide-Statistics.aspx

2    http://www.webmd.com/brain/brain-diseases

3    http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bipolar-disorder/basics/treatment/con-20027544

4    http://breggin.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=166

5    http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/articles/fda-dictates-suicide-ideation-warning-antiepileptics-used-bipolar-disorder

6    http://www.breggin.com/

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Shooter Gavin Long speaking as his online persona Cosmo Setepenra on social media (AP/YouTube)
13 Aug
0

Baton Rouge Cop Killer on Psychiatric Drugs

Shooter Gavin Long speaking as his online persona Cosmo Setepenra on social media (AP/YouTube)

Shooter Gavin Long speaking as his online persona Cosmo Setepenra on social media (AP/YouTube)

Was Baton Rouge cop killer Gavin Long protesting police brutality by murdering three policemen, or was it yet another result of psychiatric drug side effects?

This young veteran told his relatives and friends that he had post-traumatic stress disorder, and according to a CNN article from July 20, as recently as June he had filled a prescription for the anti-anxiety drug Ativan. 1

Here are some of the mental side effects of Ativan:

  • Confused
  • Aggression
  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Depression
  • Hallucination
  • Delirium
  • Easily angered or annoyed
  • False sense of well-being
  • Loss of One’s Own Sense of Reality or Identity
  • Over-excitement
  • Paranoia2

The CNN article reported that Long’s prescriptions also included Valium and Lunesta.  Valium’s possible side effects reads as another laundry list of dangerous behavior, including confusion, problem behavior, depression, hallucination, aggression, over-excitement and paranoia.3

Sleep aid Lunesta may also cause aggression, confusion, agitation and hallucinations. 4

Living in a Psychiatric Drug Nightmare

The likelihood that Gavin Long’s world was a nightmare of paranoia, aggression and depression is high. Possibly he also experienced some of the severely incapacitating physical symptoms that commonly accompany the ingestion of these psychotropic drugs, like muscle weakness, dizziness, lack of coordination (from Valium and Ativan), and morning drowsiness, headache and dizziness (from Lunesta).

Understanding the possible mental and physical anguish caused by the psychiatric drugs Long was taking opens up an understanding of why this decorated war veteran, a recipient of the Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal, might resort to violent behavior.

Why are these Dangerous Drugs still Prescribed for our Veterans?

The Army Surgeon General’s office long-term policy of endorsing that troops take psychotropic drugs for PTSD has been reversed, particularly regarding two major offenders, Xanax and Valium.

An April 10, 2012 a memo signed by Herbert Coley, civilian chief of staff of the Army Medical Command said “a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines, which include Xanax and Valium, could intensify rather than reduce combat stress symptoms and lead to addiction.”

Mr. Coley also warned service clinicians against prescribing second generation anti-psychotic drugs like Seroquel and Risperidone for PTSD.

Dr. Grace Jackson, a Navy psychiatrist who resigned her commission simply because she  “…did not want to be a pill pusher” has her own thoughts on the reversal of policy. According to her this demonstrates “they are finally admitting to some problems associated with at least one class of psychiatric medication.”  However, her praise was guarded, since the Army did not address the situation with antidepressants and SSRIs such as Prozac in PTSD treatment. Dr. Jackson asserts that clinical studies show these drugs are “no better than placebos” and are dangerous in treating PTSD.5

Brigadier General Dr. Stephen Xenakis, chief psychiatrist at Fort Hood in the 1980s asserts that “The pharmaceutical companies’ influence is so strong, as are the pressures from Congress to keep things just the way they are. Congress is lobbied heavily by pharma. It makes it difficult to get any endorsement or enthusiasm for any non-pharmaceutical types of treatment.”6

An Unpunished Crime

The irrationality of allowing Big Pharma to continue abusing our veterans is obvious;  this moral crime is only perpetrated by psychiatrists who bend over backwards to accommodate such greed.

Gavin Long’s crime has devastated the lives of his victims’ families and increased the bitterness of those who believe that racial strife is at the root of the recent police killings.

Meanwhile, those in the business of pushing psychotropic drugs to addict and damage our veterans rub their hands in anticipation of an ever-increasing bottom line. Once again, the real criminals have gotten off scot-free.

 

1     http://www.cnn.com/2016/07/20/health/gavin-long-ptsd-baton-rouge/

2    http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-6685/ativan-oral/details/list-sideeffects

3    http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-11116/valium-oral/details/list-sideeffects

4    http://www.lunesta.com/possible_side_effects.html#.V5zEr6IdyUk

5    http://veteransforcommonsense.org/2012/04/27/army-warns-doctors-against-using-certain-drugs-in-ptsd-treatment/

6    http://www.ibtimes.com/medicating-our-troops-oblivion-prescription-drugs-said-be-endangering-us-soldiers-1572217

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Teen Pills
13 Aug
0

Teen Suicide: Psychiatric Drug Crime

Teen PillsFamily and friends were devastated earlier this year when teenager Ritu Sachdeva committed suicide by taking a medication overdose. The tragedy was compounded when within hours her friend Hillary Kate Kuizon’s body was also found, another apparent suicide. Hillary hung herself in the woods near her home. Both of these beautiful, seemingly happy girls attended the same Texas high school.[1]

Ritu’s older sister stated that there were no signs of an impending suicide attempt, but that her 17 year old sister “struggled with depression and anxiety” and “regularly saw a psychiatrist and therapist and took medication.”[2]

Tragically, many parents of teenagers are unaware of the connection between psychiatric drugs and teen suicide.

Psychology Today reports “For years psychiatrists have known about something called ‘roll back.’ Antidepressants sometimes have an activating effect that can give depressed patients the energy to follow through on suicidal impulses…”

In the Psychology Today article Dr. Robert Muller addresses the suicide of Brennan McCartney, described as “fun-loving and good-natured” by family and friends. Brennan went to the doctor in November of 2010 with a chest cold, but came home with a prescription for Cipralex, an antidepressant drug. His parents “were astonished” as they had seen no sign of depression in their son. According to a close family friend, Brennan was not a boy to hide his emotions, and “everyone around him knew whether Brennan was happy or sad.” Yet 4 days after beginning treatment with Cipralex, Brennan purchased a rope and hung himself.[3]

Did Brennan’s doctor go over the following potential side effect of Cipralex before prescribing the drug?

“Adults and children taking this medication may feel agitated (restless, anxious, aggressive, emotional, and feeling not like themselves), or they may want to hurt themselves or others. These symptoms may occur within several weeks after a person starts taking this medication or when doses are adjusted. People taking this medication should be closely monitored by their doctor for emotional and behavioural changes.”[4]

Pharmaceutical Companies’ and Psychiatrists’ Benefit

Cipralex is an SSRI drug, which “works” by blocking the re-absorption of serotonin in the brain. It is considered a “blockbuster” drug defined as “An extremely popular drug, usually one that generates annual sales of at least $1 billion…”[5]

There is no argument that money is the prime motivation behind the development and prescribing of psychiatric drugs.  Seemingly, pharmaceutical companies and the doctors who prescribe their “blockbusters” are undisturbed by the “collateral damage” of ruined lives, suicides, homicides and permanent disabilities.

Dr. Muller wraps up his article by asking, “When did the naturally occurring emotions of sadness or anger become a psychological illness? Aggressive marketing by drug companies in the last few decades has transformed mild depression and even sadness into a disease of ‘serotonin deficiency,’ influencing the administration of SSRI’s to teens.”[6]

Handling Depression without Drugs

There is an alternative to psychiatric drugs treatment for depression.

Researchers have found that fish oil containing omega-3 fatty acids alleviates depression.

Dr. David Mischoulon is the psychiatrist overseeing the omega-3 clinical trial at Massachusetts General Hospital. Dr. Mischoulon says “We believe there is definitely something to these treatments.”

Dr. Malcolm Pett at Sheffield University in England gave omega-3 fatty acids to 70 patients diagnosed with depression (and who were not helped by Prozac-like drugs).

The result? According to this report, “After 12 weeks, 69 percent of the patients showed marked improvement compared with 25 percent given placebos.” [7]

Parents have a choice on how their depressed child is treated. Investigating and using alternatives to psychiatric drugs has two benefits: most importantly, keeping one’s beloved child alive and well. And secondarily, lowering the bottom line of both the Pharmaceutical companies and  psychiatrists (who count on both parents and children being susceptible to their supposed “authority.”)

When the demand for psychiatric drugs hit rock bottom, the product itself will disappear.  Those who love children and value the future of one’s civilization look forward to that happy day. Meanwhile, personal vigilance and investigation will keep children safe from pharmaceuticals proven to induce suicidal ideation and behavior.

 

[1]    http://www.foxnews.com/health/2016/02/04/grim-headlines-hard-data-show-suicides-on-rise-among-teens-nationally.html

[2]   http://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/texas-high-school-friends-die-apparent-suicides-n508856

[3]   https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/talking-about-trauma/201305/antidepressants-and-teen-suicide

[4]   http://www.medbroadcast.com/drug/getdrug/Cipralex

[5]   http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/blockbuster-drug.html

[6]    ibid

[7]    http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/Health/story?id=129498&page=1

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Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel, Photo Source
04 Aug
0

3 Terrorists On Psychiatric Treatment = 94 Dead In 10 Days

Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel, Photo Source

David Ali Sonboly

David Ali Sonboly, Photo Source

Mohammad Daleel - Twitter

Mohammad Daleel – Twitter

 

In the span of 10 days three horrific terror incidents were carried out in Europe by killers who had previously received psychiatric treatment.

84 Dead in Nice, France

On July 14, 2016 during a Bastille Day holiday celebration, 31 year old Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel drove his rented truck off the street and onto a pedestrian walkway in Nice, France deliberately killing 84 people and injuring over 200 before being killed by police.

The man’s father, who still lives in Tunisia where Mohamed was raised, gave an interview to the French TV station BMF in which he insisted his son was mentally ill and suffered from severe depression.

The father described his son’s life back in Tunisia.

“He’d get angry and shout and broke everything in front of him. He was violent and very ill. We took him to the doctor and he was put on drugs.

“Whenever there was a crisis we took him back again.

“He was always alone. Always silent, refusing to talk. Even in the street he wouldn’t greet people.” [1]

Another newspaper quoted the father as saying, “He had some difficult times, I took him to a psychiatrist, he took his treatments and he said he had a serious mental illness.

“For four years, from 2002 to 2004 he had problems, he had a nervous breakdown. He would get very angry, and would break things for no reason, he was put on medication.” [2]

Mohamed’s violent rages continued to increase despite his psychiatric drug treatments; he reportedly received a cocktail of drugs for schizophrenia, alcoholism and depression [3]

Chemceddine Hamouda, a psychiatrist who treated Mohamed in 2004 described it this way:

“He had behavioral problems with his parents at that time … he was very aggressive with them.

“Sometimes he had tried to lock his parents in a room in their house.

“He had problems with his body. He said: “Why am I thin? I’m not happy with my body.”

“I just gave him some pills to calm these behavioral issues and this aggression.” [4]

Clearly psychiatric pills did not prevent Mohamed’s violent behavior from exploding on Bastille Day.

9 Dead in Munich, Germany

On 22 July, 2016 an 18year-old man named David Ali Sonboly deliberately targeted young people in a Munich shopping mall killing 9 and injured 35 before taking his own life.

He mostly targeted other young people; 8 of the victims were between the ages of 14 to 20. The gunman used a fake Facebook account set up in another person’s name to lure young people into the McDonalds restaurant at the mall with the offer of free food.

Police found he was carrying 300 additional rounds in his backpack.

Police also reported that the gunman had been receiving psychiatric and medical care to help him cope with depression but that it would take them some time to find out if he was under the influence of drugs or alcohol at the time of his rampage. [5]

Later at a press conference Robert Heimberger, president of the Bavarian state criminal police office revealed more details.

“He appears to have planned this act since last summer.”

“He completely occupied himself with this act of rampage.” [6]

Officials found in the gunman’s belongings numerous documents on mass killings, including a book entitled Rampage in My Mind — Why Students Kill.

Officials also revealed that the gunman had been under psychiatric care in a hospital for two months in 2015. Munich prosecutor Thomas Steinkraus-Koch stated they had found documents in his home confirming that David Ali suffered from mental illness, including depression and anxiety. [7]

The New York Times reported a few other details. David Ali had continued as an outpatient following his two months of inpatient psychiatric treatment and that the prescription medicine found at his home was for depression. [8]

Suicide Bomber in Ansbach, Germany

On 24 July 2016 a 27 year old man named Mohamed Deleel set out with a rucksack packed with a bomb and many metal shrapnel parts and tried to get into a music festival in Ansbach where 2,500 people were gathered.

Denied entry for lack of a ticket Mohamed took second best and set off his bomb in front of a wine bar injuring 12 people and killing himself in the process.

Police were aware that he possessed drugs and knew he had spent time in a psychiatric facility. Mohamed had attempted suicide twice before.[9]

Michael Schrotberger, Ansbach prosecutor stated the attacker had suffered episodes of depression and Fertinger, the Nuremberg police chief, said Mohamed had made superficial suicide attempts by cutting his arms, resulting in him receiving psychiatric care. [10]

Had the concert ticket taker been more sympathetic and waved Mohamed on into the music festival the damage would have been enormous.

It is well documented that psychiatric drugs routinely prescribed for depression and other mental conditions encourage rather than relieve tendencies toward violence and suicide. Warning labels proclaim this fact.

But when psychiatrists see the first drug doesn’t seem to work they either increase the dose or add more drugs in hopes a cocktail will do the job.

The British Journal of Psychiatry published a study that found of 139 cases receiving antipsychotic drugs 96 of these cases were given multiple drugs or excessive dosages in violation of guidelines. [11]

Today it would be a rare exception to find a mass killer who had never been in psychiatric hands. Obviously psychiatrists cannot hold their patients destructive impulses at bay with drugs that increase the desire to cause violent death to self and others.

 

[1] http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3693227/Brother-reveals-violent-drug-crazed-ISIS-soldier-Mohamed-Lahouaiej-Bouhlel-smuggled-84-000-family-Tunisia-DAYS-murdering-84-Nice.html

[2] http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/nice-terror-attack-killer-mohamed-lahouaiej-bouhlel-sent-84000-to-family-in-tunisia-days-before-a7141221.html

[3] http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3694282/Brought-weapons-s-good-equipment-Terrifying-final-text-messages-Bastille-Day-killer-sent-minutes-murdered-84-people.html

[4] Ibid

[5] http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-07-23/mystery-over-munich-shooters-motive-no-connection-isis

[6] http://www.cnn.com/2016/07/24/europe/germany-munich-shooting/

[7] Ibid

[8] http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/25/world/europe/munich-gunman-portrayed-as-having-planned-attack-for-a-year.html

[9] https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/1496592/syrian-migrant-denied-asylum-in-germany-injures-12-in-ansbach-after-blowing-himself-up-at-bar-near-music-festival-had-video-pledging-allegiance-to-isis-on-his-phone/

[10] https://ca.news.yahoo.com/one-dead-10-injured-blast-near-nuremberg-germany-001700976.html

[11] http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/187/3/243

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untitled
04 Aug
1

7 Year-old Gets Involuntarily Committed for School Tantrum

untitledUnbelievable as it sounds, grade school kids in Florida are being involuntarily committed straight from school into psychiatric facilities under the Baker Act.

In this case from 2009, a 7-year old boy was Baker Acted from Mildred Helms Elementary in Largo, Florida despite the strong protest of his parents.

His mother, Barbara Smith arrived at the school while the police were investigating a report that the boy had thrown a tantrum, torn up the room, “stepped on a teacher’s foot” and “battered” a school administrator.

“This is a total abuse of police power,” said the boy’s father, Richard Smith, 41. “My son has no mental health problems. He’s never hurt himself. He’s never hurt anyone else.”

The police refused to allow Barbara to see her son, find out what had occurred and resolve the situation in a way she felt she could do as his mother. Instead, police took the boy to Morton Plant hospital where he spent the night alone. They did allow his mother to ride along in the squad car to comfort him. He was released the next day when a child psychologist found the boy to be mentally sound and he was allowed to go back home.

At the time, Barbara Smith told the St. Pete Times she was keeping the boy and his 9-year-old sister out of school because they were “scared to death” to go back.

The Backer Act states involuntary examination may be initiated by any one of three different means;

  • It could be court ordered
  • It could be done if a physician, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, mental health counselor, marriage and family therapist or psychiatric nurse who has witnessed certain behavior in the last 48 hours signs a Baker Act form
  • It could be a situation where a law enforcement officer must take a person who appears to meet the criteria for involuntary examination into custody and deliver the person or have him or her delivered to the nearest receiving facility for examination. The officer must execute a written report detailing the circumstances (doesn’t require their observations) under which the person was taken into custody, and the report must be made a part of the person’s clinical record.

In this case the boy was Baker Acted under the third provision.

Since the police arrived after the incident had occurred, their information was obviously second-hand. What actually occurred to cause the boy to step on the teacher’s foot and “batter” the school administrator? Just how seriously injured were they by this child?

Consider that a 7-year old boy is on average not quite 4′ tall and weighs about 50 lbs. The average 35 year old woman in the U.S. is 5’4″ tall and weighs about 172 lbs. The average 35 year old man in the U.S. is 5’10” tall and weighs about 188 lbs.

In this David vs. Goliath situation, the boy was up against someone over three times his size. Proportionally, this would be like pitting the teacher or school administrator against someone seven to eight feet tall and weighing from 592 to 701 pounds! It’s hard to see how a 7-year old boy without a gun or knife could be a threat to such giants.

Yet the police chief reported that the tantrum was “so bad that school officials had to evacuate students from the classroom.” Evacuation is a term usually reserved for a terrorist threat or a school shooter.

The Baker Act says in Florida Statute 394.463 that police can take someone for involuntary examination when:

“2. There is a substantial likelihood that without care or treatment the person will cause serious bodily harm to himself or herself or others in the near future, as evidenced by recent behavior.”

It also says in the same statute “…and it is not apparent that such harm may be avoided through the help of willing family members or friends…”

The boy’s mother was right there to take him home but the police chose not to allow her to do that, a clear violation of her parental rights. Did this child really show a substantial likelihood of causing serious injury to himself or others?

Raine Johns, who at that time handled Baker Act cases for the Pinellas-Pasco Public Defender’s Office, said that police cannot use the act to take someone into custody against their will who does not meet those criteria even if they feel the person needs help. John said, “That’s not the purpose of the Baker Act at all. Stepping on somebody’s foot doesn’t rise to the level of substantial bodily harm.”

The parents planned to seek the advice of a lawyer as the incident clearly appeared to be a violation of the Baker Act.

This incident points up several key problems with the Baker Act that have not been resolved to this day.

Police, school administrators and parents who actually do want the best for the children are trapped with thinking their only choice is to send kids off to psychiatric facilities for “help” when those facilities can only offer one solution – prescribing an experimental dose of a psychiatric drug never tested nor deemed safe or effective for children and with a list of side effects and warnings that fill pages of fine print. Returning a child to school drugged into an apathetic and zombie-like condition may make the classroom quieter and orderly but it is no solution.

Baker Acting kids and hooking them on harmful drugs has nothing to do with creating successful lives and happy, productive families here in Florida. It’s time to change the legislation so that parents can help their children solve problems without the damage of psychiatric drugs.

Barbara Smith is now enlightened as a parent. She told the press, “We can’t just sweep this under the carpet. We do want to talk to a lawyer….Our main goal is to make sure this does not happen to another family.”

 

SOURCES

http://www.tampabay.com/news/publicsafety/police-hospitalize-7-year-old-under-baker-act/975987

http://www.cchrflorida.org/the-baker-act-addressing-fraudulent-involuntary-commitment/

http://www.dcf.state.fl.us/programs/samh/mentalhealth/laws/BakerActManual.pdf

http://halls.md/average-height-men-height-weight/

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Stop Suicide
27 Jul
0

CCHR Demands Investigation into Link between Antidepressants and Teen Suicides

The Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR), a non-profit mental health watchdog organization dedicated to the eradication of abuses committed under the guise of mental health, is demanding an investigation into the link between antidepressants and teen suicides.

Stop Suicide

According to the Florida Suicide Prevention Coalition, suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death for teenagers in Florida.

CLEARWATER, FL, July 27, 2016 – According to the Florida Suicide Prevention Coalition, suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death for teenagers in Florida[i] and the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) – Psychiatry also reported in a March 2013 study on the topic of teen suicide that there is a link between suicide and psychiatric treatment.[ii]

The JAMA study reported that the teens were put on psychiatric drugs before they started having suicidal thoughts or making suicide attempts and the drugs did nothing to prevent it. In fact, their own study showed 55% -77% of the teens that developed suicidal behavior did so after being treated with psychiatric medication.

“Tragically, many parents of teenagers are unaware of the connection between psychiatric drugs and teen suicide and so in an effort to help their child they unfortunately may end up with their teen in roll back,” said Diane Stein, President of CCHR Florida.

Psychology Today reports,  “For years psychiatrists have known about something called ‘roll back.’ Antidepressants sometimes have an activating effect that can give depressed patients the energy to follow through on suicidal impulses…”

In the Psychology Today article Dr. Robert Muller addresses the suicide of Brennan McCartney, described as “fun-loving and good-natured” by family and friends. Brennan went to the doctor in November of 2010 with a chest cold, but came home with a prescription for Cipralex, an antidepressant drug. His parents “were astonished” as they had seen no sign of depression in their son. According to a close family friend, Brennan was not a boy to hide his emotions, and “everyone around him knew whether Brennan was happy or sad.” Yet four days after beginning treatment with Cipralex, Brennan purchased a rope and hung himself.[iii]

“CCHR is demanding that the link between antidepressants and teen suicide be investigated and made known so that lives can be saved and this will be the issue we push during Suicide Prevention Awareness Month this coming September,” said Diane Stein.

To learn more, please call 727-442-8820 or visit www.cchrflorida.org for more information.

About CCHR:

Initially established by the Church of Scientology and renowned psychiatrist Dr. Thomas Szasz in 1969, CCHR’s mission is to eradicate abuses committed under the guise of mental health and enact patient and consumer protections.

It was L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology, who brought the terror of psychiatric imprisonment to the notice of the world.  In March 1969, he said, “Thousands and thousands are seized without process of law, every week, over the ‘free world’ tortured, castrated, killed.  All in the name of ‘mental health.’”

After discovering that 55 percent of foster children in Florida had been prescribed powerful mind-altering psychotropic drugs, CCHR documented the abuse to the health department, which initiated changes that led to a 75 percent reduction in prescriptions for children under six.

Considered a potentially abusive, marketing tool for psychiatrists, CCHR Florida led the charge that got “Teen Screen”, mental health screening of school children, banned from Pinellas County schools in 2005. For more information visit, www.cchrflorida.org

SOURCES:

[i] http://www.floridasuicideprevention.org/the_facts.htm

[ii] http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1555602

[iii] https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/talking-about-trauma/201305/antidepressants-and-teen-suicide

 

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teenager_parent
25 Jul
0

Antidepressants Double Suicide Risks in Teens

teenager_parentPolicy makers in Florida are concerned by the rising rate of youth suicides in our state and experts are saying that suicide can be prevented with education and community action.

The question becomes what education and what community action is to be used.

One expert is Kim Gryglewicz who specializes in suicide prevention.

Last May she wrote, “We need to catch individuals during their time of distress. And we can do this by working with hospitals and behavioral-health organizations to improve screening and assessment. … We also need to help get people into treatment once they are identified as being at risk.” [i]

Professor Gryglewicz has a BA degree in Psychology and both a Masters and Ph.D. degree in Social Work. She also is additionally trained in Question, Persuade Refer (QPR) Gatekeeper Training for Suicide Prevention and QPRT Suicide Risk Assessment and Risk Management Training.[ii]

The problem with this approach to screening, assessment and treatment is that in reality it does not mean thorough medical exams to eliminate physical causes for emotional and behavioral problems. Communication type therapy is rarely utilized.

The quick assessment is all too often a psychiatric label and the treatment – one or more psychoactive drug prescriptions. Recently the biggest review yet of the clinical trials for 5 of the most common antidepressant drugs (Cymbalta, Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil and Effexor) was completed and published in England.

The new study, involving more than 18,000 people, found these drugs doubled the risk of suicide and aggressive behavior in patients under the age of 18.[iii]

The same study found the pharmaceutical companies failed to report side effects and even deaths linked to these drugs. The Nordic Cochrane Centre conducted this study and its findings were then analyzed by University College London (UCL), who endorsed the findings in a British Medical Journal editorial.

Professor Peter Gotzsche, the lead author from the Nordic Cochrane Centre, had this to say:

“Antidepressants don’t work in children, that is pretty clear, in the randomized trials children say that they don’t work for them, but they increase their risk of suicide.”

“What I get out of this colossal under-reporting of suicides is that [antidepressants] likely increase suicides in all ages. It is absolutely horrendous that they have such disregard for human lives.”[iv]

Even more damning for the pharmaceuticals and psychiatrists is the fact that this study compared the clinical trial reports with the actual patient reports proving that the drug companies had misclassified suicide deaths and attempts in order to prove the drugs were benign.

In one example a patient strangled himself after taking Effexor. But because he lived 5 days in a hospital before dying, the drug company left the death off the clinical trial report claiming the was no longer on the drug trial while dying in the hospital!

Eli Lilly trial reports showed suicidal attempts were missing in 90% of cases.[v]

Based on these fraudulent clinical trials, the FDA has approved use of these drugs and a blind eye has been turned to the tragic family stories that have resulted from this attempt to stop teen suicides by prescribing drugs that actually cause teen suicides.

Gwen Olson is a pharmaceutical drug company sales person turned whistleblower. Her book “Confessions of an RX Drug Pusher” can be downloaded at no charge from her website. She writes:

“In 2001, Jay Johnston was awarded $3 million following an antidepressant negligence suit. Johnston, a strapping, seventeen-year-old, high-school jock from Oregon, tried committing suicide after being prescribed Zoloft, Ritalin, and Prozac.

“In 1996, Johnston had sought treatment for depression from his family doctor. The doctor first prescribed Zoloft and Ritalin. Johnston claimed to have attempted suicide. His doctor initially increased the medication, but she ultimately switched him to Prozac. In the spring of 1997, following arguments with his mother and a friend, Johnston put a shotgun to his chin and made another attempt to end his life. He survived the blast, but he is now grossly disfigured.”[vi] p.46

Here’s another teen suicide story from her book;

“Matthew Miller was thirteen years old. His parents said he complained he felt like an outsider and was angry at everybody. His grades suffered. Matt’s teachers administered a set of tests, and Matt fell marginally on the outside range of normal. However, Matt’s parents agreed to take him to see a psychiatrist. The psychiatrist diagnosed Matthew as having either a depressive disorder or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

“He enthusiastically endorsed a ‘terrific new medication’ and urged Matthew’s parents to have him try it for ‘just one week’. He told them it would improve Matt’s mood and make him feel better about himself. The doctor just happened to be a consultant and speaker for Pfizer. During the next week, Matt’s grandmother noticed Matt was fidgety, ‘jumping out of his skin’. Then, on July 28, 1997, after Matt had taken the last tablet of his one-week trial of Zoloft, he reportedly ‘got out of bed, went to his closet, and hung himself.’”[vii] p.47

More recently, Mathy and Andy Downing lost their beautiful 12 year old daughter Candace Leigh Downing to suicide and they blame Zoloft.

Her parents say Candace wasn’t suicidal — wasn’t even depressed. Candace was having some frustration in middle school with homework and freezing up on tests even though she knew the answers. A pediatrician suggested a child psychiatrist.

Candace explained her school work problems and she was promptly prescribed Zoloft for “a generalized anxiety disorder which had manifested in school anxiety.”

During the summer before Candace would start 7th grade, the psychiatrist upped her Zoloft dose. He told her concerned parents, “What are you worried about? Kids take 100-200mg of Zoloft a day without any problems.”[viii]

Her parents had no idea that their daughter might be suicidal. But one day Candace went into her bedroom and hung herself using the valance of her bed.

Her mom recalled, “I went to check on her upstairs and found my beautiful little girl hanging, her knees drawn up. I don’t know how long she had been there. I began screaming for my husband and rushed to get her down and lay her on the floor. I called 911, praying they could get there in time. My husband tried to administer CPR, but he knew the minute that he saw her, that it was too late. She was taken by ambulance to the closest hospital where they worked on her another 45 minutes, but it was too late. Do you know what that’s like, to see your happy little girl hanging? There was no note, no warning, not for her, not for us.”[ix]

The Downings have met other families who lost their child after Zoloft was prescribed for test anxiety. They have learned about possible adverse reactions the doctor withheld from them and about the psychotic states that can be brought on by such drugs. With 5 other families they created a documentary film to tell their stories and educate other families on the danger of antidepressants.

Her father, Andrew Downing, put it this way, “If we had been able to make our own choices, if we had been aware of the risks, this would never have happened, as we would never have allowed Candace to be placed on such a risky and controversial medication.”[x]

Her mother, Mathy Downing, wrote, “What happened to our daughter and so many others like her is a travesty.”

The Downings, and the other families, charge that drug makers knew from pre-marketing studies that these drugs made some children and teens suicidal, but hid the study results, and altered other studies by pooling negative studies together to show more positive results.

Mathy described her new mission, “This is not about money. This is about the right of the American people to make their own decisions. I can’t sit back as an American citizen and watch children continue to die. And that is why we hope the documentary Prescription: Suicide? will help to get that message out where it counts: among the American families whose biggest concern is to protect and nurture their children.”[xi]

Any parent who watches this film will know immediately that more funding for psychiatric screening, assessment and treatment to prevent teen suicide would pour gasoline on a fire that has been blazing across America and many other nations. The first step to controlling teen suicide should be to stop giving them drugs that cause suicidal thoughts and actions.

 

SOURCES:

[i]http://health.wusf.usf.edu/post/state-policy-makers-look-curb-youth-suicides#stream/0

[ii]https://www.cohpa.ucf.edu/media/973397/kagcv1.15.2016.pdf

[iii]http://news.nationalpost.com/health/antidepressants-likely-increase-suicides-in-all-ages-and-manufacturers-underreport-side-effects-study?__lsa=c2d6-776a

[iv]ibid

[v]ibid

[vi]http://gwenolsen.com/

[vii]ibid

[viii]http://prescriptionsuicide.com/downingmedia.html

[ix]ibid

[x]ibid

[xi]ibid

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